EU agencies and Brexit: Assessing the implications of Brexit for EU agencies

EU3D Research Papers, No. 20, November 2021 (SSRN)

Michael Kaeding


This paper considers implications of Brexit for a set of actors which are often neglected, but without whom the future of Europe has become unthinkable: EU decentralised agencies. It assesses the EU agencies‘role during the Brexit negotiations and those on the future EU-UK relations. It shows how the UK moved from a decisive and respected EU decision maker during 47 years of full EU membership in all EU agencies to one of many rule takers with the status of ‘just another third country’ – despite geographical proximity and considerable EU-UK sector-specific interdependencies. At the end, the paper discusses the next steps involved in giving effect to the provisions of the EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement on EU agencies and their future relationship with the UK, bearing in mind that ‘uncertainties and contestation about Brexit are only beginning to be resolved’.


Brexit, EU agencies, External differentiation, Executive governance, EU-UK, Trade and Cooperation Agreement

By Michael Kaeding
Published Nov. 24, 2021 10:08 AM - Last modified Nov. 24, 2021 10:10 AM