Brexit and the future of European integration

EU3D Research Papers, No. 17, August 2021 (SSRN)

Federico Fabbrini


This research paper examines the state of European integration in the aftermath of the withdrawal of the United Kingdom (Brexit) and the outburst of the Covid-19 pandemic. The paper argues that the European Union (EU) has both faced centripetal and centrifugal pulls since 2020. On the one hand, the paper discusses the federalizing effects that the economic responses to Covid-19 – and notably the launch of Next Generation EU – have had on integration. On the other hand, the paper identifies ongoing challenges for the EU, notably resulting from the rule of law crisis. The paper argues that these trends result from institutional dynamics at play in the EU, and suggests that further constitutional reforms will be needed to address these. As such, the paper concludes reflecting on the potentials and perils of the Conference on the Future of Europe to relaunch the EU after Brexit and Covid-19.


Brexit, Conference on the Future of Europe, Covid19, EU, Integration, NGEU

Published Aug. 27, 2021 8:45 AM - Last modified Aug. 27, 2021 9:09 AM